Many procedures involve tissues, muscles, skin, and blood vessels from other body parts. Grafts or flaps are transferred from the donation site to the affected area.
A skin graft procedure transfers a patch of healthy skin to another location on the body to cover the large wound or area with missing or damaged skin. An example is how a split-thickness graft involves layers of skin close to the surface, while a full-thickness graft uses all layers for minor facial defects. A composite skin graft uses fat tissues and underlying cartilage for wounds and imperfections with a complex shape.
Alternatively, tissue and blood vessels may be transferred from one part of the body to the affected part of the head or neck. These “flaps” can be either local or regional: a local flap uses skin close to the defect or wound, while a regional flap is transferred with a blood vessel attached from the original site.